Monitoring ORACLE with Check_MK
December 10. 2013
As of version 1.1.9i6 Check_MK ships an agent plugin and checks for monitoring various aspects of ORACLE databases. Currently the following checks are available:
All ORACLE related actions are directly done on the database hosts. No ORACLE
software is needed on your Nagios host.
The agent plugin currently supports Linux and HP-UX.
In order to use the ORACLE monitoring you need the agent plugin mk_oracle, which you will find in the agents' plugins directory on your Nagios host (usually /usr/share/check_mk/agents/plugins). As of version 1.1.9i6 this plugin is running on Linux and HP-UX. The plugin is implemented as a shell script and should be easily portable to any other Unixoid system.
Install the plugin on your database hosts into the plugins directory of the Check_MK agent. Look into the agent's code in order to learn which directory this is. The default is /usr/lib/check_mk_agent/plugins. It may vary in your installation. If you are unsure, you can grep it out of the agent:
root@linux# grep MK_LIBDIR /usr/bin/check_mk_agent export MK_LIBDIR="/usr/lib/check_mk_agent" PLUGINSDIR=$MK_LIBDIR/plugins LOCALDIR=$MK_LIBDIR/local
If the directory is not yet existing, simply create it. Then put the plugin mk_oracle there and make it executable:
root@linux# mkdir -p /usr/lib/check_mk_agent/plugins root@linux# cp mk_oracle /usr/lib/check_mk_agent/plugins root@linux# chmod 755 /usr/lib/check_mk_agent/plugins/mk_oracle
The plugin will automatically detect all running ORACLE instaces by looking at
running processes called ora_pmon_.... For each instance found that
way it will query information about sessions, log switches and tablespaces
and send them via the usual channel to Nagios. In future versions of the
plugin, more data might be sent.
The agent plugin needs to be able to call sqlplus and make some simple queries in your various database instances. Since each ORACLE installation is different from each other, the plugin has no chance to do this without your help. Your task is to create a shell script called sqlplus.sh and put this into the configuration directory of the agent. This is usually /etc/check_mk. If unsure, you can again grep this from your agent:
root@linux# grep MK_CONFDIR /usr/bin/check_mk_agent export MK_CONFDIR="/etc/check_mk"
Now create this directory (if not existing) and create a shell script sqlplus.sh there:
root@linux# mkdir -p /etc/check_mk root@linux# vi /etc/check_mk/sqlplus.sh
This script will be called by the plugin
The task of the script is:
An example of such a script is here. It assumes that there is a local operating system user nagios which can connect to the databases without a password via /. It also assumes that in the databases there is a user called nagios with sufficient permissions to read the tables dba_data_files and dba_tablespaces:
#!/bin/sh # EXAMPLE # This script is called by the Check_MK ORACLE plugin in order to # execute an SQL query. # It is your task to adapt this script so that the ORACLE environment # is setup and the correct user chosen to execute sqlplus. # The script will get the query on stdin and shall output the # result on stdout. Error messages goes to stderr. ORACLE_SID=$1 if [ -z "$ORACLE_SID" ] ; then echo "Usage: $0 ORACLE_SID" >&2 exit 1 fi su nagios -c " ORACLE_SID=$ORACLE_SID ORAENV_ASK=NO . /usr/local/bin/oraenv sqlplus -s /"
Note: the script sqlplus.sh must be executable in order to work:
root@linux# chmod 755 /etc/check_mk/sqlplus.sh
The plugin will send that script an SQL query via stdin. In the upper example, sqlplus -s / is the last command and will be provided with that data since it will be passed the data from stdin by su.
Please note, that you may have to adapt this script for your needs.
Your user might not be nagios. Your oraenv-script might
be named other and so on.
Here we show how to create an operating system user nagios that can use ORACLE without password:
Create the operating system user nagios:
root@linux# useradd -m nagios
Login in in sqlplus as sysdba. Create a user nagios, which can login via /:
SQL> create user ops$nagios identified externally; SQL> grant connect to ops$nagios;
If you have setup everything correctly, you should retrieve information about all your running databases when looking at the agent output from the Nagios server, e.g.:
root@linux# check_mk -d SRV-DB1-ABC
This should contain sections like <<<oracle_sessions>>> and <<<oracle_logswitches>>>. If this is not the case, you can try to call the plugin directly on your database host. Please make sure, that you export the environment variable pointing to your agent confguration directory first and the simply call the plugin executable:
root@linux# export MK_CONFDIR="/etc/check_mk" root@linux# cd /usr/lib/check_mk_agent/plugins root@linux# ./mk_oracle
This might output some more information since the Check_MK agent suppresses all messages on stderr.